For a change, it was the turn of Vishwa Ranjan, the high profile DGP (Director General of Police) of the Indian State of Chhattisgarh

, to be interrogated.  Questioning the DGP about the massive human rights abuses perpetrated by the police under his direction were over fifty students, faculty and members from a coalition of South Asian community groups at a conference on Indian Democracy at Berkeley, California, where he was one of the invited speakers.
And some of the ‘confessions’ that emerged from him were startling. The arrest of film maker Ajay T.G., Vishwa Ranjan said, was a ‘technical mistake’. The continued incarceration of Dr Binayak Sen in Raipur jail was the responsibility of the Chhattisgarh government and not the police.
Apparently, the chief police official of Chhattisgarh is so unused to questioning that he became flustered and signed a post-card to the Prime Minister asking for Dr Sen’s release! The card he signed reads ‘The imprisonment of this brave and good man is outrageous. I demand his immediate unconditional release.’
Read on for a full account of the conference…
Videos, Photographs available below
The FDRI/Berkeley Conference on Indian Democracy held at the University of California, Berkeley, on September 26 and 27, 2008, had a 2-hour session on the human rights situation in the Indian state of Chhattisgarh.  The panel consisted of Justice Srikrishna (former Justice of the Indian Supreme Court), Vishwa Ranjan (DGP of Chhattisgarh), Nandini Sundar (Professor of Sociology, University of Delhi), Sunil Kumar (Editor, Daily Chhattisgarh) and Dipti Bhatnagar (Students for Justice in Chhattisgarh).
Chhattisgarh is the site of an ongoing conflict between Naxalites (Maoist insurgents) and state security forces, including the state-backed "Salwa Judum" vigilante army.  Counterinsurgency programs have displaced over 300,000 tribals from their villages.  The state security forces, including the Salwa Judum, have been implicated in many instances of extrajudicial killings, rapes, extortion, torture and theft from adivasis, the main inhabitants of the mineral rich southern part of the state.  Human rights activists who have criticized state actions, journalists reporting on state atrocities, and tribals resisting forced dislocation have been aribitrarily detained, harassed and/or imprisoned under the draconian Chhattisgarh Special Public Security Act of 2005, and accused of working for the Naxalites. 
Dr. Binayak Sen, an acclaimed human rights activist and development worker, has been imprisoned in Raipur jail since May 2007, despite calls for his release from Nobel Laureates, Amnesty International, national and international organizations of physicians, and thousands of individuals from around the world.  Ajay T.G., who made a film about the circumstances surrounding Dr. Sen’s arrest, was himself arrested by Chhattisgarh police in May this year, but had to be released after 93 days in jail because the police were unable to produce a charge-sheet (final police report).  Almost five months after his arrest, although out on statutory bail, the charges against Ajay have neither been filed, nor dropped.
The Panel
The first speaker at the panel was Justice BN Srikrishna.  He forcefully pointed out that there was no role for vigilante armies in a democracy, and who was or was not a Naxalite or what punishment should be meted out to a Naxalite, are questions that only a court of law can decide, not private citizens.  Next, DGP Vishwa Ranjan defended the Salwa Judum’s "peaceful," "spontaneous," nature, despite widely available evidence to the contrary, including a recent report by Human Rights Watch enumerating numerous violent abuses by the militia.  Nandini Sundar challenged the DGP’s description of Salwa Judum.  She traced the collusion of the state in supporting and arming the Salwa Judum, and detailed some cases from the widespread murder, rape, arson, and theft committed by Salwa Judum.  She also talked about the increase in Naxalite violence in the past three years.
However, Sunil Kumar alleged in his presentation that human rights activists only speak out against violence by the state and disregard Naxalite violence. He was directly challenged by Nandini Sundar who reminded him that when she had written a letter condemning the Naxalite driven blackout in Bastar and the Salwa Judum violence earlier this year, all papers in Chhattisgarh, including Sunil Kumar’s Daily Chhattisgarh, had refused to carry it.  The audience were appalled to hear Sunil Kumar claim in his presentation that the"little political understanding" of the people of Chhattisgarh, unlike that of a "mature democracy" such as the US, makes them incapable of appreciating the difference between state and extra-state actors.
The final speaker was Dipti Bhatnagar, a UC Berkeley graduate student who had been added to the panel at the request of student groups. She challenged Vishwa Ranjan, as the chief of Chhattisgarh police, to explain his role in suppressing dissent in Chhattisgarh.  She highlighted specific cases, such as the fabrication of evidence in the trial of Dr. Binayak Sen, the arrest of documentary film maker Ajay T.G. without any charge-sheet, and the tacit complicity of the security forces with Salwa Judum when it exacted revenge on residents of Nendra village for testifying against it in front of the National Human Rights Commission.
The Question & Answer Session 

Rajeev Dhavan, Senior Advocate, Supreme Court of India, started off the question and answer session by challenging DGP Vishwa Ranjan’s facts and asking for his resignation. Students attending the event silently carried signs that, among other issues, voiced protest about children being held in police custody, about a Chhattisgarh superintendent of police accused of rape and murder, and about the ongoing harassment of Dr. Binayak Sen’s family.  One protestor carried a placard pointing out that even Gandhi would be jailed as a dissenter under Chhattisgarh’s black law (CSPSA).  The DGP was handed a letter written by 106 academics calling for him to address a number of egregious human rights and police brutality cases; the signatories included professors from many universities including UC Berkeley’s Center for South Asia Studies, the organization co-hosting the conference.
The DGP evaded most of the pointed questions from conference attendees. When asked why independent filmmaker Ajay was arrested and jailed for 93 days, given that the police has not been able to come up with charges even after 150 days, the DGP replied that it might have been a "technical mistake"! If so, then why has the police still not withdrawn the case against Ajay? How many other such technical mistakes are there?
The DGP was asked that based on his claim that there are 3,200 SPOs today, and his recent article in the Pioneer where he wrote that 3,250 SPOs have been discharged for indiscipline, can one draw the conclusion that most SPOs have engaged in criminal behavior?  He neither answered nor acknowledged this question.
Given that the chargesheet against Dr. Binayak Sen is very vague, mentioning no date or time or place, nor a description of any actual illegal act, the DGP was asked to list the specific charges for which Dr. Binayak Sen has been imprisoned.  But instead of answering the question, the DGP merely said that the charges were about providing "logistical support" to Naxalites. The DGP also claimed that he had nothing to do with Dr. Sen’s imprisonment since the arrest happened before he became the DGP of Chhattisgarh, and that Dr. Sen’s supporters should petition the government.  The DGP is either obfuscating, or being disingenuous, because as chief of police, it is within the DGP’s power to withdraw the charges against Dr.  Sen, and to not oppose his bail application in the court.
When asked about recruitment of child soldiers as SPOs, a very common practice in Chhattisgarh, DGP Vishwa Ranjan replied that the police do not deliberately recruit children, but go by whatever age the applicant claims to be. This means that despite reports by several independent human rights groups–including Human Rights Watch, Forum for Fact-Finding Documentation and Advocacy (FFDA), and Asian Center for Human Rights–that large numbers of children are being employed by the state as soldiers, the police has taken no steps to verify the ages of the SPOs.  This is a war crime under the Rome Statue of the International Criminal Court, and the DGP is liable for this gross human rights abuse.
The Demands

Apart from the unconditional release of Dr. Binayak Sen and other political prisoners, community members also demanded that the Salwa Judum be disarmed, the Black Law (Chhattisgarh Special Public Security Act of 2005) be repealed, and the use of child soldiers in counter-insurgency measures be prohibited.
DGP Vishwa Ranjan on Ajay TG’s case:    
DGP Vishwa Ranjan answering Srividhya’s question on Dr. Binayak Sen’s arrest:  
Attorney Rajeev Dhavan says charges against Dr. Binayak Sen false; asks DGP to resign:
Protestors chanting slogans after the session is over:
Photos: Available at:
Students for Justice in Chhattisgarh 
Alliance of South Asians Taking Action:  (
Alliance for a Secular and Democratic South  Asia (
Association for India’s Development  (
Friends of South Asia  (
Campaign to Free Binayak Sen
Campaign to Stop Funding Hate (
Hesperian Foundation, Berkeley (
International Campaign for Justice in Bhopal (
Progressive Bengali Network: ( ) 
People’s Health Movement, USA ( ) 
Sanhati ( )

FDRI/Berkeley conference is an annual conference organized jointly by the Federation of Democratic Reforms in India ( ) and the Center for South Asia Studies, Berkeley
Human Rights Watch report on Chhattisgarh:  "Being Neutral is Our Biggest Crime" Government, Vigilante, and Naxalite Abuses in India’s, Chhattisgarh State, 2008
Faculty Petition with signatures: 
Questions for the DGP available at :
Front and Back copy of the post card signed by DGP of Chhattisgarh, Vishwa Ranjan :
Text of the speech delivered by Dipti Bhatnagar:  [See selected slides ]
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